River water pollution, sources, and human health effect in India.

Published 25-04-2023
Section Review articles


  • Sahdev S.O.S. In Environmental Science Pt. RSU Raipur
  • Kuldeep Department Agriculture, College of Agriculture & Reasearch Station Fingeshwar, Gariyaband, 493992, Affiliation Indira Gandhi krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Krishak Nagar, Raipur, Chhattisgarh- 492012, India.


Heavy metal is present in various states of India in industrial, agricultural work, wastewater, and natural water. Water is getting highly polluted for some years and it is having a bad effect on people. It can cause various types of disorders and can result in excessive damage. It causes genetic disorders, neurotoxic disorders, kidneys, skin, and cancer. Toxic heavy metals are regularly released into the aquatic environment in India as industries continue to grow. This is a major issue of contamination of groundwater through heavy metals over time. Water is a very useful source for all, which is essential for all aspects of survival and for human health. Groundwater is the level of contamination of heavy metals in water, such as As, Cu, Cd, Ir, Pb, Zn, As, Cr, and Ni. This review study addresses the presence of heavy metals in groundwater in India and their health effects on human life.

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