Drought disaster in India, mitigation and their impacts
Drought is a natural disaster. When there is a crack in the land due to a lack of rain in a place for a long time, it is called drought due to lack of water. The main causes of drought in India are natural, altered-weather patterns, excess water demands, deforestation, soil degradation, global warming, and climate change. There are types of drought agricultural, meteorological, and hydrological drought. The states affected by drought in India are Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Haryana, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, and Uttar Pradesh. Drought has an environmental, social, and economic impact. In this review, a detailed discussion of the cause of drought, loss, area, mitigation, etc. has been given.
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